Wednesday, April 12, 2017

Calling Off Kashmir Dispute

There has been no transparency in discussions arising from bilateral talks on Kashmir. From the last few years, calling off the Kashmir dispute has been the favourite argument arising out of Indian media commentators and political leaders. It is because of existing narration of implanting fervent Indian nationalism inside Kashmir valley.

Economic development, financial incentives and being part of India’s GDP growth have been other reasons given to call off Kashmir dispute. But is it fair? Why did India and Pakistan make attempts to reconcile through international agreements in the past at the first place, despite several wars fought on the borders?

British research has also deemed instrument of accession controversial. Importantly, what makes India run away from its moral responsibility when thousands of innocent civilians have been killed in the conflict? When were economic grants more sacrosanct than human lives? Maybe, when it comes to Kashmir, all humanist ideals, which Indian politicians adhere to, fall apart.

Indian sponsored elections and the Constituent Assembly can never equate to plebiscite, as recommended by the UN in Security Resolution dated 30 March, 1951:"“Affirming that the convening of a Constituent Assembly as recommended by the General Council of the "All Jammu and Kashmir National Conference" and any action that Assembly might attempt to take to determine the future shape and affiliation of the entire State or any part thereof would not constitute a disposition of the State in accordance with the above principle (plebiscite under UN auspices).”"

To add to that, Article 103 of the UN Charter clearly overrides all failed commitments of India and Pakistan through pacts: “ In the event of conflict between obligations of the Members of United Nations under the present Charter and their obligations under any international agreement, their obligations under the present Charter shall prevail.” As, India and Pakistan have hailed UN Charter in Lahore Agreement and signed other multiple bilateral agreements in the past, India cannot evade its responsibility of being a UN member.


Between the years 1948 to 1971, the UN has passed 23 resolutions. These resolutions have been passed through Chapter 6 of the UN Charter, which make them advisory and as recommendations. Chapter 6 calls for peaceful resolutions instead of war. It bounds India to adopt these resolutions passed on Kashmir ‘morally’, if not ‘legally enforceable’ as from Chapter 7 of the UN Charter.

However, according to Article 35 of UN, any country that is a UN member can bring a dispute into attention in the General Assembly. Quite recently, Pakistan, under Prime Minister, Nawaz Sharif brought Kashmir dispute into attention in the UN General Assembly after the reaction of 2016 protests in Kashmir Valley.

UN encourages ceasefire between two nations. It is for this reason UN Military Observers Group was formed. No resolution has been passed to terminate the functions of UN Military Observers Group as of now. The present Hindutva government has also failed in winding up the UN Observers Group mission in Kashmir. It is likely because UN encourages a peaceful settlement of Kashmir dispute.

Many countries in the recent past such as Norway, New Zealand, United Kingdom, Turkey and United States have called for a peaceful resolution. But India on the other hand, has been evading this responsibility for national interests. Kashmiri people have been betrayed and trapped in this propaganda of India by calling it as an integral part.

To be clear, it is the state of India that is provoking Kashmir to be a nuclear flashpoint in recent years. It is also the State of India that is provoking violence in Kashmir because of implanting a strategy of calling off the Kashmir dispute completely, despite giving false promises to Kashmiri people and making them wait for decades since partition.

If economic incentives could win the hearts of Kashmiri people and end the conflict, we wouldn’t have seen worst forms of anarchy on the streets on Kashmir. Youth have become protestors not because they don’t have jobs but because of political injustice. Seasons of calm have never stayed for long inside Kashmir Valley.

India has no legal proof regarding resolution-seeking activists and political amalgams being on the payroll of people that harm the national interests of India. It is infact an excuse and a false propaganda to choke the political aspirations in Kashmir and to further trivialise the issue.

It is worth mentioning that Simla Agreement doesn’t suggest a resolution as per ‘wishes of Kashmiri people’. So, it cannot be deemed as a substitute for passed UN resolutions. Infact, these bilateral agreements have vested interests which ignore the real sentiments of Kashmiri people.

Looking at the political and religious diversity of J&K, it would be better if new set of resolutions are drafted by UN. Not only because the past UN resolutions and bilateral agreements have yielded nothing, but it would make India more aware of its responsibility to address the political grievances. But in present circumstances, UN unfortunately hasn’t taken any concrete steps. This aloofness is alienating the aspirations of Kashmiri people and making Kashmir look like no dispute at all.

Monday, July 25, 2016

Acknowledged Letter From Prime Minister of New Zealand Regarding July 2016 Protests

(Letter Also Forwarded To UN General Secretary's Office and Offices of the Respected Canadian and Australian Prime Ministers.)

To,
Parliament Buildings
Private Bag 18041
Wellington 6160
New Zealand

Respected Prime Minister of New Zealand, Mr. John Key,

It was a positive affirmation from Ban Ki Moon in a recent press release that the security forces dealing with the protestors in Kashmir should involve restraint. But these are literal concerns. Kashmiri people want practical concerns from his honourable chair and responsible countries like New Zealand should also condemn the violence that is happening. Infact, there has been a tradition of Oceania scholarship on Kashmir represented by Australian scholars like Sir Owen Dixon, Richard Snedden, and Major William Alan Reid.

Indian Army have used force as intimation for direct murder by the use of pellet guns once again. India has violated ‘Basic Principles On The Use Of Force And Firearms By Law' of the UN Charter during the July 2016 protests. About 48 people have been killed and more than 2600 have injuries and this has happened in the matter of ten days. 

Over two lakh people attended a militant’s funeral in July 2016 and it has once again proved to the world that Kashmiri people have sacrosanct desires of an independent homeland.

The desire of freedom is torched and it is once again resonating in the hearts of Kashmiri people. But lives are also been lost. Pallbearers in Kashmir have been most active lately. 

In the last sixty years, Kashmir has seen birth of armed insurgencies and secessionist institutions inspired by religious and secular nationalism. It has seen in numerous martyrdoms of youth whose blood has been spilled through Palestinian Arab inspired resistance of stones – The new eastern intifadah. During turbulent times, Kashmir is reduced to deserted streets due to exaggerated fear. When Kashmir is locked for months, even buying essential commodities becomes an arduous task. Same is the case now - A whole generation has lost family members, either killed or disappeared with no official records.

Unmarked graves run into thousands in Kashmir, which are only researched by international humanitarian organisations like Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and local research centres like Association of Parent of Disappeared Persons and International People’s Tribunal on Human Rights and Justice in Kashmir. The Indian government pays no heed to all these tragic developments. All these problems are direct offshoots of militarism on which the UN Commission has taken no concrete steps besides drafting resolutions.

But even after every cyclical protest happened in Kashmir, the biased Indian media or its brainwashed people can't evolve their morality over the political problem. There is some kind of official sponsorship in censorship reigning at top Indian news channels, on issues that ignite the sentiment which the Indian State wants to periodically challenge through oppressive means.

Militarisation has been cruel to a civil way of life in Kashmir because people have seen raging soldiers lingering around block after block. Curfews cannot get peace nor Kashmir problem is an employment problem as Indian media is projecting to the world. The major grievance of the protestors has been the lack of respect of human rights in the past and also about their political demands that haven’t echoed in the chambers of Indian politicians, who very conservatively take it as an internal security problem and less of an international political problem. But by no means does India get the right to injure common people by using weapons that imply authoritarianism and direct murder.

The administration in Kashmir is not the real stakeholder in the resolution process. A referendum or an exhaustive political arrangement according to the will of the people won’t only cover the protestors who hurl stones. It will be a political perception test for every politically aware adult. It has been enshrined by UN to us. In 2016 Kashmir protests, however, hundreds of people have been injured in a very short amount of time in the quest of this ambition.

The Kashmiri masses have been entangled in a cyclical form of totalitarianism through force after each mass protest. Kashmiri masses have never been given a significant opportunity to represent their aspirations at the international stage. Regional politics has resulted as a political drama where our governance actors bank on politics as an entrepreneurial venture to stay in power, rather than acting as a mediator towards the resolution process. Is their a career motive behind their actions? With such a turmoil history in Kashmir, there simply seems to be no scope in intellectual respectability towards the States which divided Kashmir into two halves.

The use of controversial pellet guns, criticised by Human Rights Watch officials, have maimed protesters, mobile and internet communications are barred, press has been muzzled, ambulances have been attacked by the police, there are dwindling food supplies and a curfew culture has been imposed like it has happened after every mass political strike. Eye surgeons have been working day and night to heal the wounded. The situation is like a war zone and ordinary life has been inured to a rising panic.

Infact on tools like Twitter, a user can witness that hardcore Indian people are trying to renew their nationalist ideals after every civilian death in Kashmir. In what way do they get a right to celebrate our slaughter? Why are they blinded by Indian democracy so much that they can see nothing beyond it? See their tweets, general comments or perceptions, the hate against a prejudiced Kashmiri population is all there.

Every other ordinary Kashmiri is not allowed to step outside. Infact “house arrest” – a term which was synonymous for Kashmiri separatist leaders, holds true for common Kashmiri people as well. People are living like in a prison cell. The violence has been engraved in our memories as obituaries. 

The separatist faction have isolated themselves from the resolution process for a rancor because for India every solution is under its constitutional ambit. There can be no end to perpetual sufferings until India pacifies its nationalism, talks with Pakistan & demilitarise - or let the UN take over like it happened in the Bosnian conflict.

Status Quo is not in the interest of Kashmiri people nor of the UN. The Line of Control (LOC) has been carved out of war, just like in other conflict zones like Israel-Palestine, Bosnia, Cyprus, Sri Lanka to name a few.

The LOC is such a barb wire where both the countries lock horns in fourth generation warfare exchanging shells and bullets. Between 2002 and 2004, India erected a ' multi-tiered fencing system' along the 742 kilometer border to dissuade movement of insurgents. The system comprised of two to three rows, about three meters to ten feet high, which were electrified and connected to a motion of sensors, with thermal ageing devices, and alarms that were imported from United States and Israel.

When bus routes for peace started in 2005, Indian military establishments were actually in the process of repairing these technologically advanced barbed wires due to adverse weather conditions. In those times, there were even cases when many guerrillas had a firefight with the Indian army. This two - fold diplomacy actually has resulted as a superficial peace making drama, as no responsible solution was granted to the dispute.

The Kashmir conflict has never seen a solution based on some pattern, similar to those which were proposed in Cyprus in 2004 or in Bosnia in 1996. Importantly, why are separatists been talked about in the Indian media only during political upheavals? There is a perceptive difference in the Indian media and the international media the way they see the Kashmir dispute. During elections, separatists were fringe elements but now they are stakeholders. Why does India want civilian blood to spill first & then want to recognise their viewpoints on Kashmir?

Unless and until, common Kashmiris are not made part of the resolution, no such resolution is valid or can be accepted under any circumstances. India & Pakistan have failed to revere the sacrifices rendered by the people of Kashmir; Till then no such resolution can take place because it would be against the existing social persuasions.

The case of Ireland and the recent Scotland referandum, South Sudan solution have been effective exercises for perceiving the political and ethnic realities in these countries. But in our case there have been such blatant naiveties in the lack of good judgement for emendations of our constitutional machinery by our local politicians. 

The interlocutors that were formed in recent years by Indian Government made suggestions that were misleading because they aligned their reportages to India's interest. There can be no half-baked solutions. This is a grave concern of how India has handled Kashmir over the years. As violence runs unabated and no reactionary measures growing, world sees a political struggle of a long forgotten Kashmiri people. We appeal to UN and Government of New Zealand to please take note of our situation. We are desiring freedom and emancipation.

There is a subtle discontent in Kashmiri public right now and a lot of rhetoric is permeating through media channels. The infinite silence by the government of India should shun for the cost of reconciliation. Both countries have failed to look at conciliation resources for bridging the deep political divide that has only reverberated violence in the vale of Kashmir. Only a testament of practically can augment our resolution- nothing less than that and UN Commission has a big step to play.


Therefore, I, on the behalf of Kashmiri people, want to request your good self, Mr Prime Minister, in applying some practical concerns regarding our issue. Please instill some pacification through requests of institutionalization of mediation, as India and Pakistan both have failed to arrive at any consensus for decades since both countries came into existence. They have had a lack of obedience to UN resolutions and the resolution is still pending because UN has not taken any concrete steps besides drafting of resolutions. Please connect with senior politicians of India and Pakistan, request and direct them for immediate mediation of Kashmir conflict. Let Kashmir get out of this political turmoil.
 
Yours sincerely,
Naveed Qazi
Insights: Kashmir 
(An independent intellectual activism, political human rights group based in Kashmir)

From The Office Of The Prime Minister of New Zealand:




Dear Naveed

I am writing on behalf of the Prime Minister, Rt Hon John Key, to acknowledge your email of 19 July 2016 concerning protests and the people of Kashmir. Please be assured your comments have been noted.

As the issue you have raised falls within the portfolio responsibilities of the Minister of Foreign Affairs, Hon Murray McCully, your email has been forwarded to the Minister's office for consideration.

Thank you for writing to the Prime Minister.

Yours sincerely
A Ireton
Correspondence Manager   


Monday, July 18, 2016

Kashmir's New Surge of Violence

After the massive protests in 2010 and over two lakh people attending a militant’s funeral in 2016 has once again proved to the world that Kashmiri people have sacrosanct desires of an independent homeland.

The desire of freedom is torched and it is once again resonating in the hearts of Kashmiri people. But lives are also been lost. Pallbearers in Kashmir have been most active lately. 

But even after every cyclical protest happened in Kashmir, the biased Indian media or its brainwashed people can't evolve their morality over the political problem. 


Curfews cannot get peace nor Kashmir problem is an employment problem. The major grievance of the protestors is the lack of respect of human rights in the past and also about their political demands that haven’t echoed in the chambers of Indian politicians, who very conservatively take it as an internal security problem and less of an international political problem. But by no means does India get the right to injure common people by using weapons that imply authoritarianism and direct murder.

The administration in Kashmir is not the real stakeholder in the resolution process. .A referendum or an exhaustive political arrangement according to the will of the people won’t only cover the protestors who hurl stones. It will be a political perception test for every politically aware adult. It has been enshrined by UN to us. In 2016 Kashmir protests, however, hundreds of people have been injured in a very short amount of time in the quest of this ambition.

The use of controversial pellet guns, criticised by Human Rights Watch officials,  have maimed protesters, mobile and internet communications are  barred, press has been muzzled, ambulances have been attacked by the police, there are dwindling food supplies and a curfew culture has been imposed like it has happened after every mass political strike. Eye surgeons have been working day and night to heal the wounded. The situation is like a war zone and ordinary life has been inured to a rising panic.

Infact on tools like Twitter and common public opinion in India, an individual can witness that hardcore Indian people are trying to renew their nationalist ideals after every civilian death in Kashmir. In what way do they get a right to celebrate our slaughter? Why are they blinded by Indian democracy so much that they can see nothing beyond it? See their tweets, general comments or perceptions, the hate against a prejudiced Kashmiri population is all there.

Every other ordinary Kashmiri is not allowed to step outside. Infact “house arrest” – a term which was synonymous for Kashmiri separatist leaders, holds true for common Kashmiri people as well. People are living like in a prison cell. The violence has been engraved in our memories as obituaries. 

The separatist faction have isolated themselves from the resolution process for a rancor because for India every solution is under its constitutional ambit. There can be no end to perpetual sufferings until India pacifies its nationalism, talks with Pakistan & demilitarise - or let the UN take over.

Importantly, why are separatists been talked about in the Indian media only during political upheavals? There is a perceptive difference in the Indian media and the international media the way they see the Kashmir dispute. During elections, seperatists were fringe elements but now they are stakeholders. Why does India want civilian blood to spill first & then want to recognise their viewpoints on Kashmir?


The interlocutors that were formed by Indian Government made suggestions that were misleading because they aligned their reportages to India's interest. There can be no half-baked solutions. This is a grave concern of how India has handled Kashmir over the years. As violence runs unabated and no reactionary measures growing, world sees a political struggle of a long forgotten Kashmiri people.

Wednesday, May 25, 2016

Kashmir That Is Today


The reason why the problem of Kashmir dispute cannot be resolved by political leaders is not only due to the lack of commitment but also due to lack of purpose. We live in times when Indian military establishment has been given a privilege and is been tamed by the forces of nationalism, an entity that wants to entail its dogma. An irony indeed. 

The infiltration has been seen by the army as a cat and mouse game, which they seem to enjoy, as they have the license to launch offensives on the mandate of the Indian state. Their license to kill is a scourge for many common people who deserve to live a life in the civil way. It is a known fact that Indian military doesn’t have the trust in their political leaders and in their international diplomacy. For Kashmir a military strategy, precisely, dictatorship is conductive. Even if peace is given a chance, in reality, nobody can stop militancy. It’s seeds are sown, they are there and they will remain there, due to desperation and failure of resolution. It can only give away when Kashmir has a solution at hands.

India also has not matured enough to take palpable steps by moving a step forward in providing a cut clear formula especially with Pakistan. If the Kashmir issue cannot be resolved bilaterally, then why doesn’t India have the guts to accept their failure of deliverance?  Is this the pride of democracy that they want to show to the world? Why does it dodge away by making Kashmir as an internal matter? The press releases of Indian Foreign Ministry from time to time have been falsifications. Kashmiri people want to know why there is a lack of accountability on their part? For sometime Kashmir becomes a nuclear flashpoint and for sometime, it is not a primary matter for the politicians to attend to. After all, what sort of face saving exercise is left for the country?

The continuous culture of curfews and strikes hasn’t made a responsiveness from the Centre. In fact, it has resulted for Kashmiri people as an axe on the toe, because these continuous strikes have been destroying the social fabric. Kashmiri people cannot defeat the Indian state like Russian commoners defeated the Czar mongers in the Russian revolution. Those times are gone. We are in a new century. We are being subjugated by one of the largest operational armies of the world. After every mass protests, new slain counts of protestors make the tally. Add to that, a coercive media machine, ultra nationalistic  politicians who don’t know the value of innocent blood. There is a certain stigma in the reality of Kashmiri life.

We are also short of honest leaders too. We also need to think who is really worthy to lead us. Government for Kashmiri people is a fake promise. In the long run, we need to look beyond infrastructural development, economic packages and good administration. The mandate of Indian democracy is misleading us. It is misleading us because they are leaving no stone unturned in reestablishing their unholy bonds of nationalism and their illusion of political freedom for us. 

We are also seeing the rise of Hindu nationalism in India. Their historic arguments are blossoming in reality today. It is taking the country away from its secular character. The integral humanism which it tries to propagate as its central philosophy is false because many political developments, communal in character, prove that they are against the rights of minorities. Today we are seeing a deepening divide in the country because religion is proving to be a tool to divide people.

 The most dangerous part of it is that it is long term. Look at political rallies, the speeches are full of venom. The rule of majority Hindu population is based on an identity which is self serving and opportunistic. It’s dynamics for Kashmir are unfortunate especially for the population which is predominantly Muslim. They are facing the brunt of grass root activism of Hindusim in polity. I hope India doesn’t see the day when minorities would have to justify their birth rights. Rhetoric merely appeases the fools. But resolution seekers need to watchful.

© Naveed Qazi, Insights: Kashmir

Sunday, February 15, 2015

Scanning The Dixon Plan

Sir Owen Dixon was a judge from the Australian High Court, whose meticulous report drafted to UN in 1950 received a commendation for the obstinacy of his analysis of the Kashmir resolution from the Security Council. He is regarded as an Australian scholar of impeccable credentials. 

Infact Major William Alan Reid, who was an observer with the U.N Military Observers Group in  Kashmir (UNMOGIP) got inspired by his work for his B.A Honours thesis titled “Sir Owen Dixons Mediation of the Kashmir Dispute” (July 2000) for which the writer is greatly indebted.  Reid is currently working on the doctoral thesis for the same subject. He has even consulted his notes, some of his fifty interviews, his diary and personal correspondence as well as the Australian archives, besides other published works.  To add more facts, there has been a tradition of Australian scholarship on India represented by Professors like Robin J Moore, Ian Coplan and B. Millar to name a few. 

Academia studying Kashmir conflict will also be familiar with Richard Snedden’s  thesis ‘ Paramountcy Patrimonialism and the Peoples of Jammu and Kashmir, 1947-1991 (May 2001).’
Dixon Plan has a certain incisive analysis about the dispute. It assigned Ladakh to India, the Northern Areas and Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK) to Pakistan Occupied Kashmir, split Jammu between the two, and had suggested a plebiscite for the Kashmir dispute. When Dixon had met Nehru in June 1, 1953, he had told Dixon that “he was the only person to have grips for the Kashmir question.”  But Nehru was reluctant to accept all the conditions of the plebiscite on which United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan had arranged a ceasefire.

When Secretary for Kashmir Affairs in the Ministry of External Affairs, Sahay, had informed the Australian High Commission (AHC), in New Delhi before Dixon’s arrival in New Delhi as a mediator, Nehru, at that time, had developed second thoughts about the partition cum plebiscite plan,  irrespective of the fact that he had told the British High Commission Archibald Nye on September 9th that a proposal for a plebiscite had been taken for the valley excluding the Gilgit areas.

Patel and Nehru however had later agreed that the plebiscite was unreal. They had feared that many non-Muslims would have been faced by an exodus to other parts of India.  Nixon was also going to try for a demilitarisation plan. Nehru had pointed out some borderline on the map during the meeting, in May 1950, presumably an offer to Pakistan in which Bajpai and Sahay were also involved.

In Nehru Liaquat talks on April 8, 1950, the issue of East Pakistan refugees was raised and there was a consensus raised by Bajpai at MEA meeting with US ambassador Loy Henderson that Kashmir issue be resolved before the arrival of mediator. However, Dixon had a fair prospect of success a month after but the legal interpretations had become complicated.  Reid discloses that in 1949, the UK government too questioned the legality of Kashmir ‘s accession to India. The issue was circulated to US, Australia and Canada as well. Dixon too had been given a copy in 1950.

The British State Department’s Legal Advisor as well as the British Foreign Office held that the accession was ‘invalid’ in terms, and it could not establish a relationship with either of the dominions, and that the resolution of Kashmir was vouchsafed under stable conditions. All these developments and previous analysis by political analysts form an important component of the Kashmir’s resolution problem, as drafted in the journals of the Foreign Relations of the United States (FRUS).

The Indian white paper on Jammu and Kashmir also suggests that the accession was purely provisional. Mountabatten’s letter to the Maharaja in October 27, 1947 also stated that the dispute be settled according to the wishes of the people. That’s why UNCIP had installed a Plebiscite Administrator for the sole purpose.

Nehru infact reiterated to Dixon that Kashmir’s accession to India should be done through the Constituent Assembly in May 1950. It was elected in 1951. Then Dixon melancholically added:  “ The valley of Kashmir lost all its beauty for me. The lakes became nothing but stagnant swamps, the green fields became quagmires of exhausted earth and water in which primitive man and his oxen continued to wallow, and the picturesque house boats, insanitary repositories of furniture and other junk by which infections and contagions were passed from one lessee to another , season after season, I saw it all through bacteriological haze and wondered what either side wanted.”

Dixon regarded Pakistani Army in occupied Kashmir as instruments of coercion in various conversations with Maulana Azad.  Dixon then tried to meet with Sheikh Abdullah, who ruled like a fiefdom in a police like state, and had  even prepared papers on major issues related to demilitarization, and forms of partition by staying at taverns in Srinagar and even met Liaquat and Nehru for drafting of the plebiscite from July 20 to 24, but was only assured of semantics and reservations.

© Naveed Qazi, Insights: Kashmir


Saturday, January 10, 2015

Dilemma Over Kashmiri politics

Having read many authors and being analysing the taunt history of Kashmir for a while, I often get crude gut feelings. I feel agitated of not having faith in the regional electoral system and in the idea of India.

Many Kashmiri people feel reluctant to call themselves patriotic Indians, even though there have been attempts by pro- Indian parties and its leaders to win our hearts. The question which Indian leaders should ask themselves is why aren't many Kashmiri people passionate Indian nationalists? Isn't Kashmir a dispute which is recognised world over? Why are our concerns only sought over by the Indian law, by convictions of ideological treacheries to the Indian nation.

The case of Ireland and the recent Scotland referandum have been effective exercises for perceiving the political and ethnic realities in these countries.  But in our case there have been such blatant naiveties in the lack of good judgement for emendations of our constitutional machinery by our local politicians. 

Any voice of Kashmiri nationalism is hostile. Promises of infrastructure and other forms of economic well being don't pay over on our aspirations. This electoral system in Kashmir which has been running in a sorry state of strategic alliances for a while, where enemies are made friends for power is a shallow answer by India to Kashmir, where they want the world to perceive that all is well inside the Kashmir territory. Is this administrative turpitude through elections an answer to the Kashmir problem? Why is India behaving deaf and dumb to the international outcries for solving the problem?

"Technically, I hold an Indian passport, but I don't call myself as an Indian," a Kashmiri said, who i read somewhere. Indian politicians rather call people like us 'fringe elements of the nation and 'traitors who have been fed by the enemies of India' and so on. After all, they are responsible for ethnic polarisation through debase ideologies which had roots in European fascism: Hindus came before the Muslims came, but why take this as an excuse to inflict discrimination on certain groups? 

There are many leaders in India who believe Muslims are not part of the emancipation of the Hindu race, unless and until they betray their ideals and principles.  These ideologies have ended communities in a blood feud, that actually paved way for seculars, whose philosophy emanated from the west, to rule a country with diversified faiths. Kashmir and its neighbouring territory in the state too have resulted in similar inclinations.

People with ideologies like me either end up disappeared or get interrogated in a torture cell. But they forgot the historical mistakes done by turncoat politicians at the expense of Kashmiri blood and for myriad anarchies for which India has no answer. They cannot address the root problem. The rebellions which have happened in Kashmir, the intensity of them amidst world's most militarised apparatus are nothing less than extraordinary. India has tried to smarty get away with it and has inflicted its opinion and power on us through various harms.

One thing which is for sure. India wants the land of Kashmir. They won't care if we have to go to Pakistan like what happened in partition. The demography of the region which includes Jammu and Ladakh are having variant political opinions, and India has imposed many problems in a controversial land which include Hindu nationalism, pogroms, hate speeches, state corruption, incompetencies in leadership and diversified political mandates through evasive manifestos that lead us nowhere. In Pakistan, if any Kashmiri speaks against its national union, he also ends up behind bars.

Azad Kashmir has been taken in a larceny by Pakistan, by controversial military aggression and now they want the Indian part as well. Militarism and wars are an answer by these two countries for helping the impoverished Kashmiri race. This is a dilemma in which we suffer. Many Kashmiris are not Indian patriots nor Pakistani patriots. Kashmiri people are looked upon suspicion due to the calamities which have been created by the political class.  The nationalism of Kashmir, sadly, has also been betrayed by Kashmiri Hindus who now take alliance with Sangh Parivar, than having concerns for their own Kashmiri brethren.

We should never run away from realities. Ours politics should not be taken as war of identities to enjoy power. Many Muslims of Kashmir have also forgotten their Sufi traditions where their esoterism taught peace and community betterment for all.  Kashmiriyat is vanishing from our land. If we want Kashmir to be a country, who will lead us? We dont have the foundations for it. But this is the only scenario which will never cease from truth, no matter how weak our struggle becomes.



© Naveed Qazi, Insights: Kashmir